A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted, depriving the brain of oxygen. The bad news is that brain cells begin to die within minutes. The good news is that immediate help and prompt treatment can minimize damage and complications. The even-better news is that strokes can be treated and prevented, and many fewer Americans die of stroke now than even 15 years ago, according to the highly respected Mayo Clinic. You can read more here: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stroke/DS00150
They say that better control of major risk factors, including high blood pressure, smoking and high cholesterol, and factor into the decline. Some risk factors, like the ones above, are potentially treatable.
Other treatable factors include:
- Being overweight or obese
- Physical inactivity
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Cardiovascular disease – heart failure, defects, infection or abnormal rhythm.
- Use of estrogen-based birth control pills or hormone therapies
- Heavy drinking
- Use of certain illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines
Unfortunately there are certain risk factors that are beyond anyone’s control. These include:
- Being 55 or older
- Having had previous strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)
- Being African American
- Being male
The National Stroke Association believes that up to 80 percent of strokes are preventable. You can use their interactive risk factor assessment tool here: http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=riskfactors
While none of this should substitute for actual medical advice, the worksheet can give you a good basis of topics to bring up with your doctor, should you be interested in finding out more about your stroke risk, and preventing this potentially devastating condition.
There are two major types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke happens when a blood vessel supplying the brain becomes blocked by a blood clot. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts, causing blood to leak into the brain.
Symptoms of stroke can vary, with some of the common signs including headache, weakness on the left side of the body, dizziness, trouble with movement, coordination and walking, mental confusion and vision problems. Commonly people can experience difficulty with swallowing, speaking, walking, memory, emotional regulation and self-care following a stroke, but for many these problems improve with therapy in the weeks and months following a stroke, although there are others who will require full-time care indefinitely following a stroke.
Treatment depends on the cause of the stroke but usually includes blood thinners. In addition, many types of therapy -occupational, physical and speech therapy- can help ease the after effects of stroke.
Of course we all know that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, so any healthful habits – eating well, maintaining a healthy weight, having an active lifestyle, reducing stress – may help ward off risk of stroke.
- 1 cup fresh squeezed orange juice
- 1/2 cup carrots (about 2 medium carrots, peeled and chopped)
- 1 1/2 cups pineapple
- 1/2 frozen banana
- 1 handful of ice
Instructions: Add all the ingredients to a blender. Start on a low speed, slowly increasing to high. Blend until smooth, about 1 minute. Serves 5.