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Bitter Melon

Bitter melon is the fruit of a fast growing vine usually found in subtropic climates. The name comes from its bitter taste – it is considered the most bitter of all edible vegetables.  The fruit is oblong in shape with varying undulations – or warts –  on its exterior. It is the tender young fruit, usually 4″-6″ long, green to white in color, that are used in a wide variety of culinary dishes and medicinal applications. As the fruit ripens, the rind becomes tougher and is too bitter to eat. (

As a culinary ingredient, bitter melon is an acquired taste. While in the same botanical family as a cucumber, it’s definitely different and much sharper on the tongue.  Why use such a bitter ingredient to cook with?  Probably because its such a unique and memorable flavor component. Many Asian culinary traditions, not to mention those in Central and South America, embrace bitter melon. The Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, Thai, Vietnamese, Filipino, and so forth, counter the bitterness of the fruit with spicy, sweet, or savory components. (

In medicinal applications, Bitter melon is promoted as a remedy for diabetes, cancer and various infections.  For centuries, Ayurveda has recommended the use of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) as a functional food to prevent and treat human health related issues.

A few studies have indicated that it may be effective in reducing blood sugar levels (a hypoglycemic effect) and treating type II diabetes. Reductions in blood sugar after taking bitter melon can be seen quickly—as soon as 30 minutes—with the greatest reduction occurring at 4 hours and lasting for 12 hours. (§ion=3&article=371 ,

Studies have also shown some effectiveness of using bitter melon in the treatment of breast cancer- one of the most common cancers in women-  and prostrate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer deaths for men. (,

One approach to controlling cancer is prevention through diet, and the anti-tumor activity of bitter melon has recently begun to emerge. (

One of the health risks of taking bitter melon is that it may work too well. Combining it with standard drugs can create an additive effect, reducing blood sugar levels too low. If you are already taking drugs for diabetes, you should your physician before adding bitter melon to your diet. (

Bitter melon can be found in most Indian and Asian grocery stores.

Superpower Morning Smoothie

Bitter Melon 2013_1_31-green-smoothie-1

Serves 1

1 large handful roughly chopped kale, spinach, collards, or a combination

1 frozen peeled banana, cut into several pieces

1 cup pure unsweetened coconut water

2 tablespoons almond butter

1 tablespoon flax oil

1/8 teaspoon ground cinnamon

Place all ingredients in a blender and puree until completely uniform in color and all the bits of green are pulverized. Serve immediately.


About MatchaGT by ShelleRae

Welcome! I am ShelleRae and I am very excited you are here. I joined the Smoothie Essentials team about 5 years ago now. Always health conscious and into prevention versus medication it seemed natural when the opportunity came up to take on the creation of this blog and the Smoothie Essentials blog as well. As mother to three and surrogate to many more I've practiced much of what I write on sometimes with great success and other times with a bit less. My friends and family are my test kitchen and my facts are most often from WebMD - they seem to have a fairly accurate and conservative approach. MatchaGT – the super premium Matcha Green Tea Introducing Matcha GT, the super premium Matcha Green Tea. Matcha GT is nature’s natural source of energy and antioxidants. Used for centuries in Japanese tea ceremonies, Matcha provides a powerful pick-me-up plus antioxidants and other health benefits to keep the body, mind and spirit in perfect balance. While many forms of green tea are strained or brewed, Matcha GT uses the whole tea leaf providing the full benefits and bold taste of whole green tea powder. My inspiration comes from others who also are striving to live a better life through lifestyle changes. More information is available at or by emailing Benefits: Natural Caffeine – longer lasting energy Antioxidants – to fight cancer causing free radicals Chlorophyll – powerful blood cleanse Coffee concepts and juice bars across North America including Starbucks, Jamba Juice, Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf, Smoothie King, and Booster Juice have recently started selling Matcha Green Tea smoothies, frappes, and lattes, promoting the great taste and health benefits of green tea.

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